You’ve heard of Show Biz. This is Biz Biz, the history
of business in Vancouver, told through the activities of The
Vancouver Board of Trade.
A new President
The January 19, 1938 Sun (Page 3) announced
that John Whittle, vice president of Vancouver Board
of Trade for the past year, has been elected unanimously to the
presidency for 1938, his being the only name put forward in nominations
which closed on Tuesday night. Mr. Whittle will be installed at
the board's annual dinner in Hotel Vancouver next Tuesday night.
He succeeds Walter M. Carson who will remain a member of the council
as past president.
G. Lyall Fraser is the new vice president,
also nominated without opposition . . .
W. E. Payne is again elected by acclamation
as executive secretary. He has held that responsible post since
1918 and is thus entering his twenty-first consecutive year in that
job. He was on the staff for some years before becoming secretary.
Half-Century of Usefulness
In an editorial six days later the Sun (Page
4) commented: Tonight at its annual meeting the Vancouver
Board of Trade will have rounded out the first year of its second
half-century of usefulness in Vancouver. A year ago it celebrated
its Golden Jubilee.
Congratulations are due to the Board—to its
officers, to its permanent staff and to its 1,500 or more members.
Membership nicely over 1,500 means that the Board, for twenty years
or more with a roster proportionate to population that has kept
it in the front rank among organizations of its kind in the Dominion,
is back to pre-Depression strength.
That in itself is a remarkable achievement.
But that officers are able to report that of the 1,500 members,
barely 30 were delinquent in payment of dues at the end of the year,
is testimony not only to the splendid administration of its affairs
and the co-operation of the membership, but to the general condition
of business in Vancouver.
The membership of the Board is a cross section
not only of the business but also of the professional life of the
city. It includes engineers and architects and doctors and bankers
and financial men and realtors and chartered accountants as well
as men engaged in commercial and manufacturing and sales pursuits.
The Vancouver Board is unique in its bureau
system—there is none like it in Canada, few if any anywhere.
Members choose their bureaus which run the gamut of activity from
foreign trade, transportation, civics, retail and wholesale merchandising,
legal and legislative, to health and insurance. There are thirteen
of these bureaus and they all hold regular luncheon meetings—and
what is more important, they attend their bureau luncheons.
Herein is, perhaps, the secret of the great
success of the Board as a complete entity. Men meet who might not
meet otherwise. Goodfellowship results, and understanding of common
problems and the other fellow's point of view. This was particularly
noticeable during the dark Depression days. The Vancouver Board
of Trade is also unique in Canada in the day-in-and-day-out services
it puts at the disposal of members: up-to-the-minute information
of many kinds from airmail services and rates and schedules to customs
regulations and statistical trade figures from all parts of the
world are but a part.
The Board, when it speaks as a Board, may
generally be taken as the authentic voice of business and professional
Vancouver in most matters.
It has done much good work in the past in
the interests of Vancouver as a whole. It can do even better in
the future if succeeding officers keep to that course.
The Province of January 8, 1938 (Page 3)
reported on a talk given to the health bureau of The Board by an
official of the Fraser Valley Milk Producers Association. The first
paragraph is illegible, so we can’t tell you the gentleman’s first
name. His surname was Atkinson, and he was talking to the bureau
about the safety of the milk coming in to Vancouver.
He said that all precautions were taken in
milk supplies sent to Vancouver: herds of sound, healthy cattle,
handled under the most sanitary conditions, with a regular inspection
of farm premises; but there still remained the supply of raw milk,
which contained elements of potential danger to the consumer. Of
the milk coming into Vancouver 85 per cent is pasteurized and
15 per cent, raw.
After quoting cases of cities and figures
where epidemics had broken out, traceable to raw milk consumption,
Mr. Atkinson said Vancouver was fortunate that it had had not milk-borne
epidemics. ‘But,’ he said, ‘can we continue to hope that we will
not have them?’
Pasteurization not enforced in BC
Quoting experiments made as to the food value
of pasteurized milk against raw, it was shown that pasteurized had
equal value. He briefly described the process, which only killed
harmful bacteria, with no taste left of heating and the natural
flavor retained. Pasteurization of milk is rigidly enforced in seven
towns and cities in Quebec, thirty-five in Ontario, three in Saskatchewan
and none in Alberta or B.C. Despite that, the bulk of raw milk coming
here for pasteurization is second to none in Canada, owing to the
rigid standards here governing herds, handling and farm premises.
William F. Jones, managing director of a raw
milk dairy in the city, said he had come to the conclusion that
pasteurization was the safest process for milk consumption, but
he supplied the raw milk because of the demand.
Salmon Industry Thriving
The January 18, 1938 Province (Page 5) told
of an update on the salmon industry given to the advertising and
sales bureau of The Board at its weekly luncheon meeting.
R.H. Hume, assistant manager at B. C. Packers, ran
a movie that showed how the industry was doing. The film took
the audience through every phase of an industry which carries an
investment of $21 million to handle an annual match valued at between
fifteen and seventeen million dollars. Of this amount, said Mr.
Hume, between ten and eleven million dollars is for salmon which
goes into cans. All undergoes the most rigid inspection as
to food value and weight.
Fishermen and other workers receive $5.23
million; freight, cartage and rail charges take $1.125 million,
and (illegible, but less than $1 million) goes in telegraph, telephone,
wharfage and other expenses; cannery supplies, cans and boxes take
another $2.5 million.
Of the pack, only 2 per cent is taken by British
Columbia, 23 per cent by other parts of Canada and 75 per cent is
exported. Of this export 80 per cent goes to countries within the
Mr. Hume pointed out that the industry is
under government supervision from catch to can, with scientific
stations along the coast keeping tabs on salmon, all with a view
to control and conservation.
It’s not a Board story, but this January 19, 1938
Province story (Page 3) is worth a look: Plans for
the gun emplacements at Stanley Park, between Second and Third beaches
at Ferguson Point, near the Pauline Johnson Memorial, were received
by the Park Board this morning from the department of defense at
Work Point Barracks. Work will be started immediately.
The work means removing the roadway at this
point back 150 feet from the present road for a total length of
200 yards . . . The department of defense will construct the road
on specifications supplied by the Park Board. The gun emplacements
will occupy a space of about two acres. In addition to the gun foundations
and guns, an underground magazine will also likely be constructed.
How d’you like them apples?
A lady named Isabel Stillingfleet was demonstrating
a special skill to Board members, as related in a Province
story from January 25, 1938 (Page 12).
SLAP-SWISH, slap-swish, slap-swish!
Nimble white-gloved hands, a quick eye, a
cool head, plus a wide experience at her daily task, and Isabel
Stillingfleet packed a box of apples in two minutes and seventeen
seconds, demonstrating before a joint meeting of the Advertising
and Sales, and B. C. Products Bureaus of the Board of Trade Monday.
Queen of the British Empire fruit packers,
Mrs. Stillingfleet is in Vancouver as an added incentive to Apple
Week, sent here by the Associated Boards of Trade of the B. C. apple-growing
centres. With a brief explanation of packing methods by Bryson Whyte,
district fruit inspector for BC, Mrs. Stillingfleet packed one box
by slow motion, to give members a chance to see how amazingly simple
and easy it is to pack a box of apples. At the second box, Queen
Isabel ‘stepped on it,’ and left her audience thinking it was some
kind of a conjuring trick, the way the fruit disappeared from the
table into the box. If kept busy, Mrs. Stillingfleet admits to disposing
of 150 boxes a day in this way.
New Granville Street Bridge?
Here’s a good illustration of how the best-laid
schemes gang aft agley. It’s from a Province story from January
26, 1938 (Page 6).
The headline: GRANVILLE HIGH LEVEL LINK IMPERATIVE
While depleted civic finances prohibit immediate
consideration of erecting the proposed $2 million high-level bridge
to replace the present Granville street span, City Engineer Charles
Brakenridge believes that necessity for the new bridge may make
its construction imperative by 1943.
The present Granville bridge was built in
1908, in the ‘horse and buggy era,’ Mr. Brakenridge points out,
and is rapidly becoming obsolete.
It is the engineer's conviction that aldermanic
policy should point toward a new Granville span, rather than completion
of the lower deck on Burrard bridge. The latter, he asserts, would
not relieve navigation difficulties in False Creek or traffic hazards
created by the swing-span trusses on the roadway of the Granville
bridge. The span hazard is an important factor in the proposed replacement.
Between 1929 and 1936 there were 163 traffic
accidents, involving trusses of the swing span, according to records
of the police traffic department. Since 1929 there were four deaths
as a result of accidents caused by the trusses. In the last 16 years
there have been twelve deaths in traffic accidents on the bridge.
[Note: despite Brakenridge’s warning, that new Granville
Street Bridge would not be opened until 1954, some 16 years after
this story. The lower deck referred to on the Burrard
Street Bridge, six years old in 1938, would never be built. You
can still see the openings on that bridge where the lower deck was
to go. The idea was that traffic would go in one direction on the
top level, in the other direction on the lower.]
We think oil industry people will find this next
item of special interest. It gives statistics that show the growth
of the industry—and the change in its condition—over the last 70
years. The story is from the Sun of March 30, 1938 (Page
The urgent need of lower freight rates to
provide outlets for the products of the Alberta oil fields and a
more equitable system of proration of the present supply were strongly
advocated by Walter S. Campbell, chairman of the Petroleum Producers
Association of Calgary when he addressed members of the Mining Bureau
of the Vancouver Board of Trade in Vancouver Hotel today." [Note:
proration is defined as ‘the limitation of production of crude oil
or gas to some fractional part of the total productive capacity
of each producer’.]
‘We have standing offers from London for regular
100,000-barrel-shipments of crude oil by way of Vancouver,’ Campbell
declared, ‘but it is impossible to enter into any contracts under
existing freight rates.
‘With Canada supplying only 10 percent of
its present requirements of some one and a half million barrels
of crude annually of which approximately 70 per cent is imported
from the United States, a revision in the existing proration now
based on 42 per cent of a well's potential is imperative. Existing
proration,’ he said, ‘is making it difficult for the independent
companies to finance and is restricting their development. It is
possible in a short time the field will be under the control of
one or two companies.’
Prairie requirements are approximately 14,000
barrels daily and the Valley's potential is now 30,000 and expected
to reach 50,000 barrels by the end of the year, he declared, ‘and
naturally we are looking to Eastern Canada and the British market
by way of Vancouver to absorb a large part of this oil.’ In order
to secure these markets the oil must be hauled by railways or transported
through pipe lines, Mr. Campbell continued.
Alberta crude is of a higher gravity than
Oklahoma and Texas oils and should be moved as cheaply to Eastern
Canada, he felt. In dealing with the potential Empire market, the
speaker declared that the United States' 62 per cent of the world
production may last for little more than 10 years at present rate
‘Less than 5 per cent of Britain's imports
are of British origin and that is now coming mainly from Trinidad,
Burma and India. It is this market, both for patriotic and economic
reasons, that an outlet through Vancouver is needed and must eventually
The Big Bend
The Big Bend Highway ran from Revelstoke
to Golden, but did so in a route that took it in a gigantic loop
to the north. Still, it was the first road between the two towns
and its completion would create the last link in the western section
of a transcontinental highway. Construction had started in 1929,
but the highway wouldn’t officially open until June 29, 1940.
Its imminent opening was interesting The Board in
The Province for March 19, 1938 (Page 5)
Friday afternoon in Hotel Vancouver members
of Vancouver Board of Trade sat around the table with representatives
of a dozen interior towns to discuss the completion of the Big Bend
highway. The business meeting followed a luncheon at which Dr. A.
H. Bayne of Kamloops, president of BC’s Trans-Canada Association,
gave a vivid picture of the tourist possibilities next year when
the Big Bend is completed. [Note: the highway wouldn’t open until
1940.] . . . Vancouver pledged itself to work, along with interior
communities, toward the goal of a first class, safe highway which
will lure tourists from Banff through six hundred miles of Canada's
most attractive scenery to the shores of the Pacific . . .
80,000 cars a year
F. H. Allwood, Revelstoke, vice-president
of Trans-Canada Association, showed members expert evidence that
80,000 cars a year may be expected to use the Big Bend Highway,
leading a flow of traffic from the great National Park area to the
heart of British Columbia. This, he explained, is no guess, but
the conservative estimate of men whose business it is to measure
the tourist trend.
Taking this conservative estimate as a base
he estimated that each car would pay the Provincial Government in
taxes and toll at least $5 between Revelstoke and Vancouver. Mr.
Allwood estimated that the approach roads which would link Vancouver
with Banff via the Great Bend could be improved to a satisfactory
state for $1.5 million. He argued that such an expenditure would
be good business if it brought in an annual revenue of $400,000
through gasoline, taxes and toll.
From the Province for March 19, 1938 (Page
5): Convincing proof that spring has arrived is reported by
Mrs. A. N. Burnell of Caulfeild, who a day or two ago observed a
snake and a lizard taking advantage of brilliant sunshine after
a shower. It is uncommon for snakes to make their appearance this
early in the year, say naturalists.
H.R. MacMillan Defends the Export of Logs
Addressing the foreign trade bureau of the
Vancouver Board of Trade Friday, Mr. MacMillan asserted that to
prohibit the export of logs now would represent a breach of faith
with overseas buyers and would almost certainly lead to reprisals
harmful to this province's industries.
That’s from the March 26, 1938 Province (Page
Mr. MacMillan outlined the distinction between
crown grant timber, from which logs could be exported without interference
from the Provincial Government, and the leased forests which were
subject to provincial control. The crown grant timber, he said,
was privately owned and as completely the property of the holders
as homes and places of business could be. It was no more the concern
of the government what was done with the timber on these lands than
it was the business of government to interfere with what a home
owner did with his lawn.
Nevertheless there were serious implications
to be considered in respect to log exports, which had increased
substantially in recent years, especially to Australia. Mr. MacMillan
recalled that Canada had negotiated a reciprocal agreement with
Australia under which the latter placed a preferential tariff on
British Columbia logs.
Repudiate the Agreement?
‘A large vested interest has been developed
in Australian industrial cities as a result of that agreement,’
said Mr. MacMillan. ‘Sawmills have been built there for the purpose
of manufacturing into lumber the logs we ship there. If we pass
legislation now, preventing the export of logs, we will be repudiating
our agreement. Prohibition of log export to Australia would not
result in purchase of finished lumber here. Instead, it would merely
result in the diversion of Australia's purchase of logs to the United
‘I can see where prohibitory legislation of
this kind might lead us. The precedent would be established for
the curtailment of all exports of frozen fish, instead we would
be able to sell only the canned article. We would be prevented from
shipping ore out of the country; the metal would have to be in the
form of concentrates. The export channels for wheat would be blocked,
instead we could sell only flour to foreign markets. Fostering such
developments would be no more absurd than proposed restriction of
our log exports.
From Page 34 of that same Province for March
26, 1938: EMPIRE MARKET ONLY SURE ONE
Vancouver business men emphatically signified
their interest in foreign trade when they attended in near record
numbers a Board of Trade luncheon Friday at which H. R. MacMillan
told of British Columbia's dependence on overseas commerce. The
Oak Room of Hotel Vancouver was crowded, many tables in the balcony
being occupied as well as those on the main floor. The attendance
not only indicated Vancouver's consciousness of its destiny in overseas
trade, but was a tribute to Mr. MacMillan, described by Chairman
S. S. McKeen as one of Canada's outstanding industrialists.
Apart from stressing British Columbia's reliance
on foreign trade, Mr. MacMillan emphasized the vital economic relationship
between this province and the Empire countries. ‘The Empire market
is the open market—the only sure market,’ declared Mr. MacMillan.
‘One by one the other great consuming countries have withdrawn themselves
behind tariff and other barriers. Anyone attempting to start a business
selling its products overseas who does not appreciate the value
of the British connection is licked before he starts. Our economics
are as closely bound up with British trade policies as if we were
a part of Yorkshire. Don't let anyone kid you that they aren't.’
Because selling the British market meant so
much to British Columbia, said Mr. MacMillan, it was imperative
to give that market the best of service. He warned against the danger
of trying to take unfair advantage of preferential tariffs by placing
an unfairly high price on protected goods."
Defense Forces Below Standard?
The Vancouver Sun reported on Page One on
a talk to The Board April 6, 1938 by Col. H.F.G. Letson, M.C., E.D.,
officer commanding the Fourteenth Infantry Brigade.
Speaking to a Board luncheon in the Hotel Vancouver,
Letson—the senior military officer in Vancouver—said that support
of the present volunteer militia system by the civilian population
of Canada is the only alternative to the two extremes of complete
defenselessness or universal conscription.
He revealed that the present defense forces
in B. C. are far below the 1913 standards in numbers, training and
equipment; that they lack boots, decent uniforms, pay and modern
equipment. ‘Our forces we know to be inadequate for our own defense,’
he declared. Colonel Letson, as a serving officer, insisted that
he expressed his own opinions, not the views or policy of the Department
of National Defense.
Present defense forces are completely inadequate
for their purpose, he declared.
- The Royal Canadian Navy with a personnel of 1,000 and four destroyers
and three minesweepers, is ‘obviously not adequate without support.’
- The Royal Canadian Air Force, personnel 1,000, with a non-permanent
branch of 500, ‘are well trained but lacking entirely in modern
- The Active Militia has a paper strength of 104,000, but an actual
strength in all Canada of only 46,000, while only 14,000 receive
The militia in 1937 received $1,604,000 for
training expense, while in 1913 it had $2,029,000. BC and Yukon
units, he stated, train a total of 408 officers and 2,142 men, with
an average of 8.9 days annual training. Only 115 officers and 648
men are able to attend annual camps, at which the most valuable
training is given.
‘We trust,’ declared Col. Letson, ‘that the
moral fibre of the Militia will be strong enough to carry it along
despite public apathy and lack of support, despite lack of boots,
shoddy and ill-fitting uniforms and lack of pay. The government
allows the Militia 12 days pay, but all this is returned by individuals
to regimental funds, out of which the year's activities are financed.
Spend Their Own Money
‘The men not only give up their time, but
sacrifice the pay they should rightfully receive. Many men and certainly
all officers spend additional money out of their own pockets. Every
officer must supply his complete uniform and equipment without a
cent of government assistance.
‘To train in camp, which is necessary for
efficiency, the men must give up their time, lose their civil pay,
and often find that their jobs have been filled in their absence.
Some men dare not even ask for time off to attend camp.’
Turning to his audience, Col. Letson asked,
"I wonder how many sitting here today know how many militiamen they
employ? I have heard responsible men say good men should not waste
their time in the Militia. Yet when riot and insurrection threatened
Vancouver three years ago, many businessmen suddenly evinced a great
interest in the military forces.
‘They remind me of a man running to an insurance
company for coverage after he has discovered a fire in the basement.’"
Letson asked the businessmen in the Board of Trade
to support a two point plan for the militia:
- General encouragement of the defense forces.
- Allow men for one week of field training annually with pay,
not to be counted against annual holidays.
‘By following such a course you will obtain
the cheapest possible form of defense insurance,’ he declared. ‘You
cannot afford to be without it.’
[Note: the H.F.G. stood for Harry Franham Germaine.]
New National Harbors Board
The National Harbors Board of Canada, since
its organization in October, 1936," said the Sun on May 5,
1938 (Page 5), "has more than justified its existence in improved
efficiency, both physical and financial, in the administration of
the great harbors under its jurisdiction.
This was the assertion of R. O. Campney, former
Vancouverite, chairman of the Harbors Board since its inception,
at the Vancouver Board of Trade luncheon in Hotel Vancouver yesterday.
The board still has many problems to solve, and is studying and
tackling them one by one. Until the Board took over, the Harbors
were managed by local commissions, and comparative figures for 1935
and 1937 were cited to show improvement.
Increase in total operating income of the
harbors of Halifax, Saint John, Chicoutimi, Three Rivers, Montreal
and Vancouver increased from $2,450,000 in 1935 to just under $4
millions in 1937, a net improvement of 63 per cent, which meant
that the taxpayers of Canada in 1937 had $1.5 millions less to pay
for operation of these ports. In every case there was either an
increase in operating surplus or a former deficit was turned into
Reduction in operating expenses contributed
considerably to this.
Port of Vancouver had an operating surplus
of approximately $800,000 in 1935. In 1937 it was $925,000, up $125,000.
The Second Narrows bridge, 1935 operating surplus was $32,000. The
bridge had a surplus of $102,000 in 1937.
Vancouver, he said, is the only port under
board jurisdiction where most piers and wharves are privately operated.
The board administers assets representing a capital investment of
$225 millions and permanent employees number 1,600. Mr. Campney
paid high tribute to K. J. Burns, port manager here, declaring that
the Port of Vancouver is ably served by its manager.
Big Bend Again
A number of members of the Vancouver Board of Trade
saw the Big Bend Highway up close in June. (See the March 19 story
above.) The story is told in the June 11, 1938 Sun (Page
Scenic beauties of the Big Bend Highway were
revealed to members of the Vancouver Board of Trade here on Friday
on their annual excursion and all agreed that the half has hardly
been told about a road which a year hence will fill the last gap
on the trans-Canada highway between Vancouver and the Great Lakes.
[Another reminder: the highway wouldn’t actually open until June
The visitors were enthusiastic about arrangements
for the trip in private cars furnished by the local board of trade
and their thanks was expressed at a banquet in the King Edward Hotel.
The road to Mile 62 out of Revelstoke was
found to be a model of engineering skill, with remarkably few curves,
a fine solid roadbed which now needs only hard surfacing to make
it compare with any in the province. Vistas of valley, mountains,
waterfalls, glaciers and the rushing Columbia River combine to make
the scenery unusually attractive for tourists.
About 26 miles of road remains to be finished
to complete the loop between Revelstoke and Golden.."
Three Wells At Once!
Oil men say to see three wells coming in at once
is a once-in-a-lifetime experience. It happened in June, 1938 in
Alberta’s Turner Valley, and Board members saw it. The June 14 Sun
(Page 23) told the story, compliments of staff reporter J.A. MacDonald.
A show unprecedented in the history of oil
development in Canada was enjoyed by members of the Vancouver Board
of Trade tour party and a score of more of their Calgary hosts when
they visited Turner Valley on Monday afternoon. No less than three
new wells "blew in" during the visit and were still roaring and
belching flame and smoke as the amazed Vancouverites reluctantly
turned back for Calgary.
Veteran oil men say the coincidence is absolutely
without precedent. Dozens of the Calgary men told of having been
to the valley a score of times hoping to see the blowing of a new
well but never before without being disappointed. One oil official,
George Watt, of British American Oils, who has watched and mothered
the drilling of several famous producers, says that Mrs. Watt has
gone to the valley more than a dozen times for even one blow-in
and has yet to see one.
Those wells are temperamental and you never
can tell. Today was just one of those rare things, he said.
First the visitors arrived at the Vulcan-Brown,
about a quarter-mile south of the famous Turner Valley Royalties,
first well to prove that there was crude oil as well as naphtha
gas in the southern end of the valley. Here, two hours after the
well had been touched off because of growing pressure, they saw
flame roaring in a steady vertical shoot of from 60 to 80 feet with
a plume of smoke another 50 feet and unburned oil caught by the
wind to splash on surrounding ground.
Shortly after, just less than two miles farther
south, they arrived in time to see the touch-off of United-Brown
No. 5 even more spectacular in a growing and shifting breeze, shooting
bursts of flame more than 100 feet in the air, with flame and smoke
billowing over hundreds of yards so that onlookers had to run to
avoid being showered.
In between they saw Globe Royalties roar into
action, all three new wells, all promising, but oil men awaiting
their proving within the next few days and admitting that any guess
as to ultimate production is as good as another . . .
There are 33 other wells drilling but not
yet down to limestone in the southern area of Turner Valley and
most of them will prove good in the opinion of experienced oil men.
Success of United No. 5 was quite expected as this well is on already
proved ground with crude producers nearby.
It was the blow-in of Vulcan-Brown that aroused
most interest and enthusiasm among the oil men, as it is the first
to prove up in its particular area. ‘That means another large section
of ground with assured production,’ Mr. Watt said. R. R. Brown,
who pioneered the south end when others could see nothing in it,
was showered with congratulations as he watched the two new wells
of his promotion ‘doing their stuff.’
Alberta Wants to Work With Us
The 20th annual excursion party of the
Vancouver Board of Trade, back from Alberta, were enthusiastic about
cooperation with that province. The June 17, 1938 Sun (Page
15) told of very definite impressions gained during their
- That the business men of Alberta are eager for closer and more
active co-operation in all matters mutually affecting the people
of the two provinces.
- That Alberta is looking for a good crop with prospects so far
very bright, especially in southern parts. Generally, the crop
outlook is the best in years.
- That there is little spirit of sectionalism in the two provinces
but rather a growing desire for unity and common purpose. This
was as evident at Revelstoke and Golden as at Calgary and Edmonton.
- That the business and professional interests of Alberta are
optimistic and confident of the future in spite of their outspoken
criticism of uncertain political conditions. This criticism was
voiced, sometimes humorously, often in deadly serious mood, in
both Calgary and Edmonton.
- That the production potentialities of the southern Turner Valley
oilfields have been proved beyond any guesswork. The problem remaining
is to find a market for an output that could soon be stepped up
to 40,000 barrels of crude a day if market and transportation
can be achieved.
- That Alberta is as keen as British Columbia for completion of
the Trans-Canada Highway and the people of both provinces are
in no doubt of the great tourist business that will flow westward
and eastward to and from Vancouver when the Big Bend Highway is
completed. The section between Golden and Yoho National Park is
improved and the Jasper-Banff north and south highway is finished.
President John Whittle of the Board of Trade
said he was delighted with the success of the trip. ‘I told members
of our party at our little get-together on the train, that we had
learned that there is no real provincial boundary between British
Columbia and Alberta, but that we are more than neighbors, and all
Canadians with a common outlook and purpose. What is more, we found
that the people of Revelstoke and Golden feel that they are a part
of Vancouver, just as we realize that all other parts of British
Columbia must work together.
No to Hollyburn Logging
Datelined Calgary, this Province story from
June 13, 1938 (Page 6) told of a protest by the Board against certain
The Vancouver Board of Trade today pledged
its support to Reeve J. B. Leyland of West Vancouver in opposing
the proposed cutting of timber on Hollyburn Ridge. Board president
John Whittle wired Reeve Leyland that the Board would be willing
to act with other interests in a joint committee to present its
views to the proper authorities. In a wire to Mr. Whittle, Leyland
told of the proposal to log Cypress Creek, pointing out that the
project threatened to rob the North Shore of one of its most valuable
A Visit to the Jasper Highway
Members of the Vancouver Board of Trade were
introduced today to the mother of rivers, the 110 square miles of
ice and snow forming the Columbia Glacier, origin of mighty waterways
that flow into three oceans. That’s how Charles Shaw, the
business editor of the Daily Province, began his June 16,
1938 story (Page 16.)
Over a highway six thousand feet above sea
level, traversing a territory of matchless grandeur which could
be reached only by a ten-day pack-trail journey until this year,
the Vancouver travellers reached their destination from Jasper Park
lodge in less than three hours. They were impressed, not only by
the scenic beauty of the trip, but by the excellent condition of
the road, remarkable for the fact that while it courses over a mountain
country six thousand feet above sea level, the grade is at no time
severe and the direction at times is as straight as Granville street.
Link With Coast
What particularly interested the Vancouver
party was that the road to the Columbia ice field represents the
beginning from the north of a road to Banff which eventually will
tie in with a highway to the coast via the Big Bend, now being hurried
to completion. If any one thing has dominated the present tour of
the Board of Trade, apart from the Turner Valley oil fields, it
is the question of communications, of better roads to serve the
touring public, and thus stimulate what has become one of British
Columbia's biggest industries and revenue makers . . .
At Edmonton the Vancouver group listened to
arguments for completion of the evergreen trail through the Rockies
over the National Parks Highway. It was claimed by Charles Grant,
good roads enthusiast, that $910,000 would provide an all-year road
from Kamloops to Tete Jeune Cache and thence to Jasper and Edmonton.
Only three gaps remained to be filled—from Tete Jaune to Blue River,
thirty-eight miles, from Tete Jaune to Jasper, less than twelve
Roads again were the big issue here at Jasper
today. The drive to the Columbia ice field supported the contention
already heard by Board of Trade members that British Columbia has
more to offer in the way of mountain scenery than anywhere else
in the world. Here, a mere seventy-five miles run from Jasper over
a first-class gravel road, through the Sunwapta Valley, teeming
with game, was the biggest glacier south of the Arctic Circle.
This gargantuan precipice of ice, blue green
and hundreds of feet thick, wedged between two massive mountains
soaring 11,000 feet into the clouds, pours sustenance into the Columbia
River, flowing to the Pacific; the Athabasca, whose waters finally
reach the Arctic, and the Saskatchewan, which makes its way to the
Atlantic via Hudson Bay.
British Settlement Plan for BC
Jim Dyer of the Sun wrote August 22, 1938
(Page 1) of an interview with Brig.-Gen. Sir Henry Page Croft, C.M.G.,
Sir Henry had just arrived in Vancouver after a
tour of many hundred miles through interior British Columbia. He
promised new work for the unemployed of BC cities if large-scale
British settlement schemes in which he is interested go through.
Sir Henry's prediction, Dyer wrote,
opened up the possibility of large new orders for Vancouver's
factories and wholesale houses—for building materials for the homes
of 40,000 new settlers who may people the fertile unoccupied lands
of the interior, for supplies of food and equipment to keep them
both before and after they have become self-sustaining.
British capital, Sir Henry said, will be behind
any suitable scheme. And the scheme he visualized calls for large
communities for which, as the result of his observations in the
interior, he is prepared to say there are at least seven great tracts
of land that are ideal.
We are convinced that for each family settled
permanent employment will be found for one of your unemployed in
secondary industries, in transport, or in all those categories which
supply the needs of the agriculturist, Sir Henry said later in a
speech to the Board of Trade. For 10,000 heads of families, Sir
Henry visualized these figures: 20,000 horses, 50,000 cows and cattle,
10,000 sows and 100,000 poultry, at least 20,000 machines and implements,
and ‘all the hundred and one things necessary for civilized life.’
This demand, he conceived, will be filled in Canada.
Sir Henry said he had had a wonderful trip
and was greatly impressed.
‘Could you say what your settlement plans
mean in terms of new capital in British Columbia?’ I asked him.
‘There will be adequate capital to maintain
the settlements," he replied. "Every settler will have enough capital
to construct suitable buildings and to sustain him through two years,
until he is self-supporting.’
‘I said to him: "You understand, of course,
Sir Henry, that there are large numbers of unemployed in our cities?
What effect will new settlement have on them?’ ‘No plan such as
we contemplate could aggravate unemployment," he emphasized. "On
the contrary, a large influx of settlers backed by capital, must
give immediate incentive to employment.’
Sir Henry made it plain he has not come to
Canada on behalf ‘of any corporation.’ . . .
‘If the plan goes through,’ he said, ‘it will
be on a large scale. For instance, 10,000 settlers and families
could find openings in the wide open spaces we have passed through.’
. . .
Sir Henry indicated that the scheme he is
interested in calls for mixed farming operations on a community
basis. J. Gray Turgeon, M.P. for the Cariboo, through a large part
of which Sir Henry's party travelled in his company, declares that
Central British Columbia is intensely interested in Sir Henry's
[Note: We did some further research on Sir
Henry. He was famous in his time, had been the youngest General
in the British Army in 1916. Eight days after this Province
item appeared, he gave a speech to the Empire Club in Toronto. It’s
an interesting talk, in which he tells of his visit to British Columbia
and again promotes the idea of major British settlement in BC and
Ontario. You’ll find his remarks here.
What happened to Sir Henry’s plans? The answer came
from Margaret Ma Murray during a 1966 radio interview
with Terry Bell found here.
You must remember, Ma said, that
we had a plan, in 1938, just the year before the war, where we were
gonna settle 6,000 people from Britain, in around Smithers and Terrace
and Prince George and, uh, Sir Henry Page Croft came out here. And
it was all laid on. And then the war came the next year and knocked
it all into a cocked hat.]
There is a neat little caricature of Sir Henry on
the web site of the National Portrait Gallery in London, England,
on a 1929 cigarette
Into the Valley
Thirty members of the civic bureau of the
Board of Trade learned Thursday something about the importance of
Vancouver's hinterland when they spent the day touring the Fraser
Valley. That was the story in the August 11, 1938 Province
They visited two industries that have made
an international reputation for themselves—Langley Greenhouses Ltd.,
which is said to be the most modern nursery plant in the Northwest,
and the Delair plant of the Fraser Valley Milk Producers' Association,
where the famous Pacific Milk is produced for export to all parts
of the world. In addition, they saw two model Chilliwack valley
farms, typical of the many well-conducted farms in the valley--that
of A. S. Baker, who supplies Chilliwack with its raw milk, and the
other belonging to Count A. F. Van Rechteren , a Hollander, who
has brought to British Columbia some of the most modern farming
methods of Europe.
The civic bureau found many revelations of
the surprising resources of the Fraser Valley. Capt. P.S. Williams
of Langley Greenhouses told them how the plant is shipping flowers
by air all through the West and as far east as Toronto, where Langley
Prairie gardenias have a ready sale, the nurseries boasting as fine
blooms of this exotic plant as are to be found on the continent.
They wandered through the four acres of glass
houses and eighteen acres of land and marvelled at the scientific
achievements in floriculture, and enthused over the long list of
customers that the plant enjoys all over the West.
Travelling a few miles to Delair they were
equally astonished to find an industry with more world-wide fame,
shipping the famous Pacific Milk to all quarters of the globe. They
inspected a factory giving employment to forty persons which turns
out 48,000 tins of evaporated milk daily and with machinery that
markets the only vacuum packed milk on the continent. They learned
from manager Paul Chevalley how the product is irradiated to obtain
vitamin D and the score of methods followed to produce the purest
and best article possible.
At the Sardis plant of the same company they
saw the establishment that makes ice cream and delivers the by-products
such as powdered milk and glue, all of which helps the Fraser Valley
farmers and their buying centre, Vancouver.
Journeying to Chilliwack, the travellers were
guests of the Chilliwack Board of Trade at luncheon.
Clean Up False Creek!
Jim Dyer of the Sun wrote on September 20,
1938 (Page 2) that Vancouver's business men had been challenged
to get behind the Clean-up False Creek movement.
"The challenge came from G. G. McGeer, K.C., M.P.
It was received with enthusiasm by his immediate audiences—members
of the advertising and sales bureau of the Board of Trade at a meeting
in the Hotel Georgia.
Mr. McGeer injected the drama of the European
crisis into his talk, declaring that ‘even if war does come,’ Canada,
while doing its part in Empire defense, must not neglect essential
tasks at home. He said he had been struck by the fact that while
Hitler and Mussolini spent billions building up war machines without
parallel, they still had vision, still found means, the one to build
the world's greatest stadium, the other a new university.
If Germany and Italy can do these things in
the midst of war-like preparations, Canada, with its resources almost
unscratched can likewise go forward to build and restore, he insisted.
‘No citizen can travel over the False Creek
area without feeling that the city dump there is Public Enemy No.
1 of this city,’ he said. ‘It is your job and mine to mold public
opinion to demand the cleaning up of this cess-pool, to demand the
building up of our city parks, to light up Stanley Park, build that
highway to Garibaldi and to make the Capilano Canyon the real tourist
attraction it ought to be, he declared.
The former mayor made dramatic use of a tax
sale map of the area around False Creek. ‘These red spots indicate
the properties that have fallen to the city at tax sale in recent
years. In 1929 the assessed values in this area totalled $4,530,000.
In 1938 the value is $2,659,000, a drop of $1,800,000, or 40 per
Thanks to Ald. Harry DeGraves, he went on,
a movement has been launched to convert this section into civic
property and to make part of it into a playground. ‘It would cost
probably half a million to do this, but I venture to say the city
would recover this from re-established values and improved tax collections
in this area.’ This, he said, should be made part of a program that
will include extension of the exhibition grounds, completion of
a proper entry into the city, building of the North Shore road to
Garibaldi and Bridge River to tie up with the Cariboo Highway at
Vancouver's greatest need is to publicize
itself, he declared. Why, he asked, is this city not taking steps
to publicize the splendors of its new First Narrows bridge and the
new Hotel Vancouver?"
Charles H. Joy, chairman of the bureau, presided.
Drug Problems 69 Years Ago
The September 28, 1938 Sun (Page 24) told
us there was unceasing war against the illicit traffic in
narcotic drugs in twenty-five countries subscribing to the Geneva
convention, but every success brings a new problem, especially on
the North American continent.
Thus, Colonel C. H. L. Sharman, chief of the
narcotics division of the Department of Pensions and National Health,
Ottawa, told the health bureau of Vancouver Board of Trade on Tuesday,
you can greatly minimize the illicit sale of morphine and heroin,
only to find that codeine or marihuana (sic) or something
less powerful takes their place.
Vancouver, Colonel Sharman said, is a notable
example. With the more powerful drugs almost eliminated, the sale
of codeine, still legally sold from drug stores, leaped in volume,
and this city became the largest per capita consumer of codeine
in Canada, if not in America.
But an amendment to the British Columbia Pharmacy
Act cut the sale of codeine to one-third of its peak, and another
problem bobbed up. This is the injection of opium, which followed
almost total suppression of opium smoking. The department has asked
other provincial governments to prohibit sale, including barbiturates,
except on a doctor's prescription. ‘We know of 500 white addicts
who take opium by injection in Vancouver, and many of them are criminals.
Use of the drug in this way is almost unknown elsewhere in Canada
or in the world,’ said Colonel Sharman, in a serious warning to
business men as to the importance of the problem.
The difficulty of curbing the illicit sale
of any habit drug is that the price is twenty times greater than
that of the legitimate supply. That is why drugs are kept in vaults
to discourage burglary, and the country spends vast sums to prevent
Illicit Sales Ten Times as High
Addicts, at least 75 per cent of them, become
so through chance association with previous addicts. The illicit
sale price of opium in Vancouver today is ten times as high as ten
years ago, proving the good work of the R. C. M. P. and city police
preventive methods, to which Colonel Sharman paid tribute. No dangerous
narcotic drug is manufactured in Canada. All are imported, and the
strictest possible regulations are enforced on the legitimate trade.
Marihuana, used in cigarettes, is a great
problem in the United States because the ‘weed’ grows there in many
parts. ‘It is not unknown in Canada, but the department hopes to
have all Canadian growth exterminated by the end of this year,’
Neville Chamberlain Lauded
The world should thank God for Neville Chamberlain,
a man who has been true to his dreams, a man with a purpose in life
who has translated purpose into successful action. Those were
the words of H.H. Stevens, MP, speaking at the weekly luncheon meeting
of the advertising and sales bureau of Vancouver Board of Trade
in the Hotel Georgia.
The Sun for October 4, 1938 (Page 3) gives
a quite different picture, thanks to Stevens, of Mr. Chamberlain
from the image we have of him today as a vacillating leader, returning
from a meeting with Hitler in Munich, and waving a piece of paper,
the Munich Pact, as proof that Hitler’s intentions in
Europe were peaceful.
‘I take off my hat to Neville Chamberlain,’
Stevens told the Board’s bureau members. ‘He is the greatest figure
in the world today. I simply cannot understand the slighting references
A Great Statesman
‘Mr. Chamberlain long ago had a dream of what
can be done in Europe. He visioned a comity of nations subjecting
themselves to reason and negotiation rather than the force of arms
in the settling of their differences. Many of the estimates of him
that you hear are utterly wrong. Chamberlain is not a cold man,
although he is cool-headed. He is not distant—he is kind, sympathetic,
extremely courteous. He is an excellent, experienced and successful
business man, and in the last twenty years since he entered parliament
he has proved himself a great statesman. That is a rare combination.
‘When Chamberlain became premier, Britain
was far along on her disarmament policy in the hope that it might
be an example to other nations. That policy was not working well.
The other nations were taking advantage of Britain's apparent arms
weakness. As Premier he set himself to the task of quick rearmament,
not for war but for defense, and we have seen with what success.
Within one year the tone of the belligerent nations was altered.
Now he is being criticized. Many say that he has sacrificed the
Czechs to attain his dream of a peaceful Europe. In that connection
it is worthwhile noting that President Benes himself, and many other
prominent Czechs, warned the treaty-makers of Versailles, in 1919,
against including the preponderately German Sudeten area in the
proposed boundaries of Czechoslovakia.
‘Had Mr. Chamberlain failed last week, on
this very day as we sit here we should be viewing the spectacle
of Central Europe deluged with death and disaster, with Czechoslovakia
the cockpit,’ Mr. Stevens emphasized. ‘Czechoslovakia will still
have an area equal to that of Holland, its integrity guaranteed
by the great powers just as that of Switzerland has been for decades.
Of supreme importance, Mr. Chamberlain, working for a non-aggression
pact among the great powers, visualizes and strives for the bringing
together of France and Germany in common agreement.
‘If there is even a quieting of that historic
enmity which dates back to long before 1871, it will be an achievement
such as no statesman in history has been able to bring about. Where
the League of Nations fell down, there is the possibility, even
the probability, that Mr. Chamberlain has laid the foundations for
a new order in Europe.
‘We must give him credit. He has saved the
lives of countless thousands of men and women and children by his
quiet, courteous, courageous, simple approach to the powers of Europe.
His undisguisable simplicity and sincerity prevailed,’ Mr. Stevens
Well, you can’t always be right.
The New Lions Gate Bridge
Scores of Vancouver business men, members
of the Board of Trade's engineering bureau and others, crossed the
Lions Gate Bridge Wednesday [October 5, 1938] for the first time,
after a luncheon meeting in Stanley Park pavilion.
That was the lead in an October 6 Province
story (Page 9).
For many members of the group it was the first
visit to the bridge that for several months they have watched in
progressive stages of construction from a distance. For them, the
walk over the new pavement more than 200 feet from the waters of
the First Narrows was a thrilling experience. It gave them a striking
view of the city and the North Shore from a new angle and a first-hand
glimpse of what is to be the Empire's greatest suspension bridge
and the longest span in the world built with stranded cables.
The party was guided over the bridge by Major
P. A. Curry, general manager of the Lions' Gate Bridge Company,
and James Robertson, Pacific coast engineer for Dominion Bridge
Company, one of the contractors for the bridge. During the luncheon,
presided over by City Engineer Charles Brakenridge, Mr. Robertson
said that the pavement had now been 75 per cent completed, and that
the entire job would probably be finished about November 8. [Note:
the bridge opened to pedestrian traffic November 12, to public traffic
two days later.]
Building of the signal station and beacon
from the tower of the bridge that will eventually control all navigation
through the Narrows and the process of covering the cables with
cedar filling, wire and three coats of paint to obtain maximum durability
were matters of special interest to the visitors."
Gas Prices in 1938
The October 17, 1938 Province (Page 10) reported
that the BC oil industry had suffered heavy losses in 1937.
‘If all the service stations owned by oil
companies in British Columbia--their number is much less than generally
thought—could be disposed of and taxes and other charges eliminated,
companies would still be operating at a loss in this province.’
So stated R. M. Pidgeon, division manager Imperial Oil Ltd., to
members of the advertising and sales bureau of the Board of Trade
at a luncheon meeting today.
The oil industry of British Columbia is faced
with the same problems as those of any other highly-competitive
extractive industry, and must sell its products at a price basically
dictated by competition, Mr. Pidgeon said. ‘We try to sell these
products (all the many by-products of crude oil) at prices that
will pay us for the crude oil we buy, for the cost of refining it,
for the cost of making these products conveniently available wherever
they may be needed and on top of that give us a legitimate profit—the
only incentive we can possibly have to continue doing these things,"
‘Unhappily, our experience in this province
lately has been lacking in that incentive. I think it is no secret
that, over all, the British Columbia industry sustained large losses
last year, although no charges are made for interest on the large
investment in refineries, ships, bulk stations and all the other
equipment used to give adequate service in all parts of the province.
Consumption of gasoline is less than 3 per cent of consumption in
Washington, Oregon and California, but the area of British Columbia
is substantially larger than the area of these states put together.’
Mr. Pidgeon contended that a reduction in
the selling price of any one produce, without a corresponding reduction
in manufacturing and marketing costs, or without compensating increase
in the price of some other product, would throw the industry from
a profit to a loss position. ‘Today," he continued, " we get for
gasoline roughly 4 1/2 cents less than we received for it in 1934,
and we have [not?] been able to take up this slack by raising prices
of other products, such as fuel oil; because if we did that, large
consumers such as railway, steamship and pulp companies would be
in a position to buy their requirements down the coast. We would
be worse off than ever.’ [Note: the newspaper doesn’t have that
"not" inserted up there, but the rest of the sentence seems to require
Here, said Mr. Pidgeon, is where your gasoline dollar
Road tax ........................23.50 cents
Other taxes ....................4.08 cents
Retail Vendor ................16.80 cents
Crude oil ........................38.02 cents
Refiner and marketer......17.60 cents
[Frustratingly, the story doesn’t give the retail
cost of a gallon of gas at the time.]
Because of its location on the temperate Pacific
coast, BC had been particularly hard hit by the Depression, as thousands
of unemployed had descended on the province. That was one theme
of a talk given to the Board of October 21, 1938. Our report is
taken from the next day’s Province (Page 5).
Federal Government policy is to reduce transiency
and to control it, and in doing so to relieve British Columbia of
a disproportionate burden, Hon. Norman Rogers, federal minister
of labor, declared in a luncheon address to the Board of Trade at
Hotel Vancouver on Friday. When the conservation camps were closed
in the summer of 1936 the men were told that they should be able
to find employment and shelter. It was the government's view that
they should depend on their own resources in fine seasons.
‘We must give relief in the name of humanity,’
he added, ‘but we must also preserve the initiative of men if Canada
is to go ahead. We have tried to find a happy medium.’ Proof of
the correctness of this view was shown the following year, he said,
when 2,400 of the 5,400 men in the camps did not return, having
obtained employment elsewhere.
The men had asked for a programme of public
works in B.C. he continued, but there was nothing to justify a works
programme in this province.
Vancouver Marching On
Vancouver has seen nearly $15 million worth
of building activity since Jan. 1, 1937, a sure sign of civic recovery
and progress, Mayor G. C. Miller informed the Vancouver Board of
Trade when he addressed it at a crowded luncheon meeting in Hotel
Vancouver at noon today. So began a report in the Sun
for November 2, 1938 (Page 5).
The mayor made his speech an accounting of
his stewardship in his first two years of office and pointed with
pride to the fact that this upswing in building figures—a building
‘boom’ that has seen notable improvements in the city's appearance—has
taken place during his incumbency.
Other topics touched on by his Worship:
Tax sale properties ‘Civic revenues
are being increased by the city's policy of disposing of ‘inside’
property on tax sale rolls. Since Jan. 1, 1937, $114,038 has been
paid by purchasers of such properties and civic revenues will gain
by $15,000 yearly. [Sorry, we don’t know what ‘inside’ property
First Avenue Viaduct ‘This project
was not accomplished without a great deal of hard work. In addition,
we are able to announce the establishment of a very fine industry
in that area—the Canada Packers—which I feel is only the start of
a big industrial development in this section of the city.’
Lions Gate Bridge ‘In addition to the
actual building of the bridge, long the dream of Vancouver and North
Shore people, we have been able to clean up a traffic hazard at
the entrance to Stanley Park.’
New Hotel [This was the new Hotel Vancouver,
the present one] ‘It is a source of general gratification that my
council, after lengthy negotiations, can look forward next year
to the opening of one of the most magnificent hotels on the continent.’
Council policy in securing financing for water
and sewer facilities in new residential areas had been a factor
in permitting uninterrupted residential building in the city, the
mayor went on. The widening and repaving of Granville Street was
another achievement in which, he felt, he and his council are justified
in taking pride, and in the same class he placed the final settlement,
after years of wrangling and misunderstanding, of the question of
the taxation of occupants of Crown lands.
Construction work had started on the Hotel Vancouver again
after a years-long delay caused by the Depression. Members of
the Vancouver Board of Trade were taken on an inspection tour
November 14, a tour that made Page One of The Province.
The hotel would open May 24, 1939, ten years after construction
Pipe Line Pondered
Possible development of the Turner Valley
oil field into a major production field and of exporting petroleum
from this source through Vancouver has been exhaustively surveyed
by the mining bureau of the Vancouver Board of Trade.
So reported the Sun for December 9, 1938
(Page 23). Conclusions of the fact finding committee have
been published in a 30-page booklet containing a comprehensive series
of data on comparative figures and potentialities of Turner Valley.
Production of the Turner Valley field for 1938 is estimated at $5
million of crude oil of high Baume gravity—almost double that of
California oils imported into British Columbia.
Rail or Pipeline?
Comparative costs between rail shipment by
tank cars and pipeline construction are considered in the report
with a recommendation that the provincial governments of Alberta
and British Columbia study the possibilities of both methods. Roughly
estimated costs of constructing a pipeline from Calgary to Vancouver,
a distance of 650 miles, show this to be approximately $16 million.
This is the bid made by a German firm which, it is understood, will
accept payment in oil shipments.
Against this plan is the present restricted
production in Turner Valley, which is regulated by the Provincial
Gas and Oil Conservation Board.
At present the rail tank car rate from Calgary
to Vancouver is 45 cents a barrel of crude oil, against 75 cents
by pipeline to Port Arthur and tanker to Toronto. On this basis,
the report states, all-inclusive pipeline cost of Alberta oil in
Vancouver would be $1.85 per barrel against $2.15 in Toronto. A
present danger exists, however, the report says, of a stalemate
occurring in the Turner Valley field because curtailment of production
tends to restrict development activity.
To break this threatened stalemate, the survey
recommends either an influx of capital for large scale development,
or a widening of the market for Alberta oils by downward revision
of freight rates. A third recommendation entails the construction
of pipelines to the Pacific Coast or to the Great Lakes.
British Columbia alone imports 165,054,125
gallons of crude petroleum; 20,379,589 gallons of fuel oil for ships'
stores; 10,131,215 gallons of casing head gasoline for mixing purposes
and 14,841,762 gallons of kerosene, diesel and fuel oil. The great
bulk of this is shipped to the province from California in tankers,
either owned by oil companies or on charter to them at rates far
below pipeline costs or tank car rates.
The Province coverage of the same story (Page
35) adds this interesting note: In any consideration of railway
or pipeline movement of oil from Turner Valley to Vancouver," states
the survey, "it must be borne in mind that the field is at an elevation
of about 3,400 feet, with the highest railway elevation (Stephen,
B.C.) at 5,337 feet, and the terminal point at sea level. The gradient
to the sea favors economical transportation.
Happy Birthday, Your Majesty
Five hundred members of Vancouver Board of
Trade at the annual Christmas luncheon of the Transportation and
Customs Bureau in Hotel Vancouver today burst into sustained cheering
as their chairman R. L. Maitland, K.C., M.L.A., read a personal
birthday message from King George VI. So reported the Sun
for December 14, 1938 Sun (Page 26).
The message came through the Governor General
in reply to one sent by the Bureau Tuesday. The message to Ottawa,
repeated to London, read: ‘Our annual Christmas luncheon being held
in Hotel Vancouver Ballroom tomorrow featuring a British program
towards international peace. Please convey to His Majesty our warmest
birthday greetings and loyalty.’
The reply, signed by the secretary to the
Governor General, read: ‘The Governor General is desired by the
King to convey to you His Majesty's thanks for your birthday message.
His Majesty sends you greetings on the occasion of your annual luncheon.’
Attendance at the luncheon was much the largest
and most enthusiastic in the history of this annual affair. Ven.
Sir Francis Heathcote, Archdeacon of Vancouver, was the principal
speaker telling of ‘England As I Saw It.’ He made a lengthy visit
to Britain in the late summer. The orchestra, in honor of the King's
birthday, played the Coronation March composed by Arthur Ketelby
for the Coronation and entitled With Honor Crowned. Philip
Watts, baritone, was the soloist.
What else was happening
locally in 1938?
For a once-over-lightly look at the history of The
Vancouver Board of Trade, go here.
Next: 1939 »