- 1884] [1885 - 1891] [1892
[1900 - 1905] [1906
- 1908]  
  
This year is sponsored.
You'll note that this year includes events listed under Also
in . . . These are events for which we don't have a specific
date. If YOU know the
specific date of an event shown there, please
notify us . . . and cite the source! Many thanks!
January 3 The SkyTrain commenced operation
between Vancouver and New Westminster. (The extension to Surrey
would come later.)
January 15 Dome Advertising was formed in
Vancouver. Later they would become Dome/FCB, the FCB being Foote
Cone Belding, a long-established US firm.
January 20 The World Trade Centre opened a
Vancouver branch. The Vancouver Board of Trade moved into the new
building and prepared to host the General Assembly of the World
Trade Centres Association later in the year.
January 26 Norman MacKenzie, called Larry,
international advisor and UBC president, died in Vancouver, aged
92. He was born January 5, 1894 in Pugwash, Nova Scotia. He worked
on the family farm from 1909 to 1913, served with distinction in
the First World War. He studied at Dalhousie University, then later
at Harvard and Cambridge in international law. He was called to
the Nova Scotia bar in 1926, taught law at the University of Toronto
from 1926 to 1939. His influence was worldwide with organizations
such as the League of Nations and the War Information Board (1943-45).
MacKenzie was president of the University of New Brunswick, then
president of UBC for 18 years from 1944 to 1962. On the Massey Commission,
he pushed for federal grants to universities (1949-51). After leaving
UBC in 1966 he became a Senator. His biography is Lord of Point
Grey: UBC's Larry MacKenzie by P.B. Waite.
The Vancouver Historical Society Newsletter, in reviewing
the Waite book, called it an affectionate portrait of a president
who was considerably more complex than his public persona.
site says, in part, Although UBC's present eminence
owes much to many people, as biographer P.B. Waite points out, it
is basically Larry MacKenzie's creation. His importance to
UBC is inestimable. No doubt demography alone contributed to UBC's
considerable expansion, but Larry gave it force and focus. He established
the Faculty of Graduate Studies and introduced professional faculties
such as law and medicine. He was a marvellous doer; but more important,
he could recognize talent in others, like his chief expediter,
Gordon Shrum, UBC's redoubtable head of physics and dean of graduate
February 19 The Lions Gate Bridge was illuminated,
a gift from the Guinness family who built the bridge.
February VanCity Savings Credit Union launched
the country's first socially-responsible mutual fundthe Ethical
Growth Fund. (Bob Quart, a senior executive at VanCity, had pushed
for the fund. Quart would become VanCitys CEO in 1988, serve
in that capacity until his retirement in 1999.) The fund, known
today as Ethical Funds Inc., has investment guidelines based on
ethical principles. It cannot, for example, invest in companies
which manufacture weapons or tobacco products and all companies
with which it invests must maintain good labor relations and high
Today, it has become part of a nationally-based entity,
managed since June 2004 by Guardian
February Federal Finance
Minister Michael Wilson announced in his budget speech that international
banking centres (IBCs) would be established in Vancouver and Montreal.
The idea of creating an international financial centre (IFC) in
Vancouver had originated in the early 1980s. A combination of senior
members of the business and academic communities resulted in the
creation of "The Society for IFC Vancouver" in September,
the vehicle for the provincial government's IFC initiative. They
saw Wilsons IC announcement as a promising sign for their
In The Greater Vancouver Book, Michael Goldberg
described the differences between IBCs and IFCs: IFCs are
broadly-based financial service centres catering to foreign as opposed
to domestic demand. They provide a more diverse set of services
than more narrowly focused international banking centres
(IBCs) which as the name suggests are domiciles for international
banks. For example, London would be both an IFC and an IBC whereas
the Cayman Islands would be just an IBC, home to a number of international
banks locating there because of favorable tax, regulatory and confidentiality
laws. This example raises an important point: IBCs are frequently
driven by tax and regulatory considerations. IFCs on the other hand
rely much less on favorable legal treatment and much more for their
viability on the presence of a large pool of financial professionals
who provide specialized international financial services. IFCs thrive
because of the breadth and depth of the specialized financial and
associated knowledge resident in the IFC.
The International Financial Centre British Columbia
has more detail at its website.
April 1 BC Institute of Technology (BCIT)
merged with the Pacific Vocational Institute (PVI). PVI had been
created in 1978 as an independent institution to combine BC Vocational
School with Maple Ridge and Sea Island operations. Classes of the
new, larger BCIT were held on Sea Island, in Kaslo, Langley, Surrey,
and Burnaby and in multiple downtown Vancouver locations.
April 6 The City of Vancouver celebrated its
100th birthday. It will mark the special year by hosting Expo 86,
which will open May 2.
May 2 Back in 1978, in the quiet and elegant
confines of the Cavalry Club in London, England three people sat
around over tea and talked about Vancouver. They were Grace McCarthy,
the deputy premier and minister of human resources in the B.C. government;
Lawrie Wallace, B.C.s agent-general in the U.K. and Europe;
and Patrick Reid, who had been commissioner general for Canadian
participation in several world expositions (San Antonio, Osaka,
Spokane) and who was just about to start a term as president of
the International Bureau of Expositions in Paris. Thats the
body that has the final say about what cities get world expositions.
Mrs. McCarthy said that 1986, still eight years ahead,
was going to be Vancouvers 100th birthday and it would be
nice to mark that occasion in some special way. Reid responded by
saying a world exposition would fill the bill splendidly.
When McCarthy got back to B.C. she collared Premier
Bill Bennett and began to push for support for an exposition in
Vancouver to mark the citys centennial.
Under the direction of Vancouver businessman Jimmy
Pattison construction finished one month before opening day and
was $8 million under budget.
On May 2, 1986 Expo began, officially opened by Prince
Charles and Princess Diana. A retired couple who'd driven their
trailer from Newfoundland clicked through the turnstile to become
Expo's first visitors.
Some 54 countries participated. The Expo Fanfare,
by Michael Conway Baker, opened the exposition. Over the six months
it ran, Expo 86 drew 22,111,600 people, a huge success.
Press coverage from the 10,000 journalists from 60
countriesfrom the London Times to Entertainment
Tonite and Newsweekwas largely positive. Americans
raved. Ironically, the only consistently sour notes came from eastern
Canada. Robert Fulford, writing for Saturday Night, found
Expo 86 a dream that never came true: at its core, American
. . . unremarkable . . . while E.J. Kahn Jr. countered in
his July 14, 1986 New Yorker magazine article Letter from
Vancouver, It's not so much Expo 86's substance that accounts
for its charm as it is its style. You feel good just walking around.
For many the event that captured the heart and soul
of Expo 86 was the July 27 final performance of the World Drum Festival,
when 140 percussionists from 17 nationsfrom Inuit with caribou
drums to Indonesian gamelan orchestra and American drumset player
Steve Gaddplayed to standing ovations.
has a good site on the exposition, with all sorts of details, including
the fate of the worlds largest hockey stick. The largest Canadian
flag to that time was flown at Expo, now flies above Flag Chev-Olds,
a car dealer near Guildford Shopping Centre in Surrey. Visible from
six kilometres away, the flag is 12 by 24 metres (40 feet by 80
feet) and flies 85.9 metres (282.4 feet) above the ground.
Kerry McPhedran wrote an excellent article on Expo
for The Greater Vancouver Book (1997). Pages 644-45.
But. As Jim Green, then with DERA, the Downtown Eastside
Residents Association, made clear, Expo was not good for everyone:
In 1986, Green wrote in The Greater Vancouver Book
(1997), the community braced itself for its biggest challenge:
Expo 86, a World's Fair to be held right in the middle of the Downtown
Eastside. DERA feared Expo would be destructive. It proved to be
just that. Hundreds of units were torn down to build new structures
such as office towers, shopping malls and parking garages. Perched
on the edge of Expo, they were to be used as a catalyst for other
business opportunities. The Social Credit government and its allies
on City Council fought against any bylaws that would allow SRO hotels
to remain as living units for the people of the community. One thousand
people were evicted from their homes. Eleven people died in the
first month of the evictions including Olaf Soldheim who, according
to the city's Medical Health Officer, died as a direct result of
being evicted from his residence of 62 years. It was a devastating
period. Networks and social relations were destroyed that to this
date have never been rebuilt. Expo could have been a great opportunity
for the community if it had offered opportunities to leverage people
from welfare into working on the Expo site. There was no attempt
to do this. When DERA put the idea forward those in control refused
to listen. As a result, thousands of people who lived within a few
hundred metres of the site were never given the opportunity to work.
There was no positive Expo legacy for the people of the Downtown
One unexpected result of the Expo experience: exposure
of local fashion designers captured global attention and our fashion
industry began to blossom.
May 7 West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd. was incorporated
under that name. The company started in 1955 with the purchase by
three brothersHenry, William and Samuel Ketchamof a
small planer mill in Quesnel. West Frasers vision,
they say on their website,
is to be the leading forest products company in Canada.
For an interesting talk on forest management, caribous and grizzly
bears, given in November, 1995 by Hank Ketcham, go to this
May 22 BC Premier Bill Bennett announced his
retirement. He has served 10 years as premier of BC, will be succeeded
August 6 by Bill Vander Zalm.
May 28 The members of the Vancouver Fire Department
celebrated a Century of Service to the citizens of the
City of Vancouver.
May Evergreen Studs Limited, which had incorporated
May 27, 1963, changed its name to Primex Forest Products. Its principal
business was the manufacture and marketing of high value lumber
products for the Japanese market. In 2001 Primex would be taken
over by Interfor.
June 27 The Newton Youth Centre opened in
July 1 CJJR-FM
93.7 signed on at 9:37 a.m. with a country music format.
July 18 Gordon Gibson, Sr., lumberman, died
in West Vancouver, aged 81. He was born November 28, 1904 at Goldbottom
Creek, Yukon Territory. He left school at 12 to work in fishing
and logging, was nicknamed The Bull as a young man.
In 1939, with his father W.F. Gibson and three brothers, started
three logging companies. From 1948 to 1952, Gibson owned or participated
in many related businesses. He was a Liberal MLA for Lillooet in
1952, was later elected in North Vancouver. He led a stormy political
career, once accusing Premier W.A.C. Bennett of thinking he was
God. He was almost single-handedly responsible for exposing the
Robert Sommers scandal of 1955, when Sommers, the forests minister,
was suspected of accepting considerations from large
forest industry companies in the granting of Forest Management Licenses.
In his 1980 biography, Bull of the Woods,
Gibson tells us he raised the matter privately with Sommers. He
told me to mind my own business. The next morning, February
15, 1955, Gibson went to Premier Bennett and told him the same story.
He would not listen either; in fact, his comment to me after
a hard half hour of talking was, You had better mind your
own business, Gordon. You Liberals started this. Were no worse
than you are.
Later that same day Gibson stood up in the provincial
legislature and, in a voice he himself said could be heard
outside the House without any amplifying system, challenged
Premier Bennett to put the whole method of awarding FMLs before
the Forestry Committee, which had representation from all four parties.
Youve no chance, he roared, of
running a fair government so long as your cabinet ministers, in
awarding Forest Management Licences, will only talk to men with
$20 million or more.
There is something that the premier and his
cabinet are afraid of. They know things will be divulged before
the committee that they are afraid to have divulged.
I firmly believe that money talks and that
money has talked in this: I want that answered by the ministers.
We are not going to let this go unanswered. Evidence will come out
showing wrongdoings by this government . . .
The money talks speech caused a sensation
and sparked an investigation. In the end, Sommers was sent to jailthe
first time a cabinet minister in the British Commonwealth had been
jailed for misconduct in officeand reforms were instituted.
Incidentally, Bull of the Woods, published
by Douglas & McIntyre, sold more than 50,000 copies.
July 19 Westminster Quay Public Market opened.
The old city market would close the following February. The focus
of the Quay is its large public market, with its landmark clock
tower. Historic boats and buildings remind shoppers of the area's
century-and-a-half of maritime history.
July These buildings were designated Schedule
A Heritage Buildings:
Dick Building, 1482-1490 West Broadway, built in
Model School, 555 West 12th Avenue, built in 1905
Normal School, 555 West 12th Avenue, built in 1909
An interesting website
has the history of the two schools cited.
July The United Scottish Cultural Centre,
which since St. Andrews Day (November 30) in 1955 had been
at Fir Street and West 12th Avenue in Vancouver, moved into a new
home at 8886 Hudson in Marpole. The original group comprised no
fewer than 21 Scottish Canadians groups.
August 6 William N. Vander Zalm (born 1934),
Social Credit, became BC premier on the resignation of Bill Bennett.
He will serve to April 2, 1991. For CBC-TV coverage of his first
day in office, check out this
site. It shows Peter Mansbridge with hair!
Summer SkyBridge construction began. The bridge
will allow the extension of SkyTrain across the Fraser into Surrey.
September 22 The Alex Fraser Bridge opened,
linking Delta with Lulu Island. This high-level bridge crosses the
main channel of the Fraser River. When it opened, the 465-metre
main span was the longest in the world. The stay cables radiate
from two tall concrete towers, founded on large steel pipe piles
of similar length. The deck is concrete, laid on steel plate girders.
Originally the six-lane deck was restricted to four lanes, the outer
lanes being reserved for cyclists and pedestrians. In about a year
the bridge had generated sufficient traffic to justify opening all
six lanes to vehicles. Pedestrians and cyclists were moved outside
the cables. It was named for the late Alex Fraser, minister of highways.
September 25 Darshan A. Sangha, also known
as Darshan Singh Canadian, activist, was murdered in Punjab, India,
aged about 69. He was born in 1917 in Langeri in the Punjab. After
arriving in Vancouver, his uncle lobbied to get him a job at Dominion
Sawmills. As a result, the uncle was fired and Darshan hired at
5 cents less an hour. In 1942 he was the first person in the Hindustani
community to be drafted. As an organizer of the International Woodworkers
of America (1942-46), he fought for the rights of B.C.'s East Indian
woodworkers. He led IWA strikers on a march to Victoria in 1946.
After 11 years in Canada he returned to India in 1948 and changed
his surname to Canadian. He represented the Communist
party for three terms in the Punjabi state legislature. After speaking
out against Sikh extremism, he was murdered by unknown attackers.
September The Vancouver Heritage Register
was compiled and adopted by Vancouvers city council. (It had
been known as the Vancouver Heritage Inventory.) This Register is
a listing of buildings, streetscapes, landscape resources (parks
and landscapes, trees, monuments, public works) and archaeological
sites which have architectural or historical heritage value. To
quote its website,
It is a policy and guideline document which includes approximately
2,150 buildings, and 131 landscapes, monuments and archaeological
sites. To be included on the Register, sites must be identified
as having heritage value and/or heritage character and be at least
20 years old. The Register is a planning tool which provides a valuable
record of Vancouvers heritage.
The City of Vancouver's Heritage Management Plan
was established as the blueprint for looking after the identification,
public awareness, conservation and protection of Vancouver's heritage.
The Plan is administered by the four staff of the Heritage Conservation
Program in the Planning Department. Council seeks advise on heritage
matters through the Vancouver Heritage Commission, an appointed
body of 11 citizens with a range of expertise and interest in heritage.
Theres more information on the web site cited in the preceding
October 12 On Expo's last day but one a record
341,806 visitors (120,000 was a daily average) showed up for one
October 13 Expo 86 closed. Attendance at the
exposition, originally projected to reach 14 million, topped 22
October 22 The Provinces Page
One headline: SHA-ZALM! That announced the election of millionaire
gardener Bill Vander Zalm as premier. Inside the paper VANDER
SLAM! was the headline for the story on how the Zalm's Social Credit
forces had battered Bob Skelly's NDP.
The Socreds, the paper said, who
have governed B.C. for 31 of the last 34 years, were elected or
leading in 49 seats at press time, while the New Democrats were
ahead in 20 seats.
The beaming Vander Zalm's response to victory: It's
to be expected.
October 29 Ron Thom, architect, died in Toronto,
aged 63. Thom was one of the most highly regarded architects ever
to work in Vancouver. Heres what Sean Rossiter, who writes
extensively on BC architecture, wrote about him: Ron Thom
was the culmination of the pre-Arthur Erickson era in Vancouver
architecture. Many architects are failed artists. Thom was an exceptional
artist who turned to architecture . . . after meeting Richard Neutra
during the Los Angeles architect's visit to Vancouver in 1947. Though
fundamentally a pupil of Frank Lloyd Wright and an apprentice of
Ned Pratt's until 1958, Thom had by then already succeeded in marrying
the horizontal Wright house with the West Coast climate to move
B.C. residential design into a league of its own. Thom was
born in Penticton May 15, 1923. He was a graduate of and former
teacher at the Vancouver School of Art, and taught design at UBCs
Architectural School. He became an architect by indenturing with
the firm of Thompson, Berwick & Pratt, and later became a partner
of the firm. He assisted C.E. Pratt in the design of the B.C. Electric
Building in Vancouver (called Electra today), and was responsible
for the design of many religious, educational, recreational and
Thom was a pioneer in the West Coast
style, with its lavish use of wood and glass and informal integration
into the distinctive coastal landscape. Its estimated there
may be as many as 200 houses in Greater Vancouver designed wholly
or in part by Thom. An oddity: he was a superb draughtsman and could
draw really well . . . upside down! Legend has it that many clients
reached for their cheque books as they saw their dream homes take
shape under his speedy pencil.
October John Henry Cates, boat builder, died
in North Vancouver, aged 90. He was born July 13, 1896 in North
Vancouver, the son of Capt. Charles Henry Cates. He was a Liberal
MLA for North Van from 1945 to 1952 and served as labor minister.
His wife Carrie was elected mayor of North Vancouver in 1964, defeating
three male candidates, and was re-elected in 1965 and 1967.
She died February 21, 1977 in Vancouver.
November 1 West Vancouvers new coat
of arms was granted by Letters Patent. The document would be presented
March 15, 1987 at a ceremony on the 75th anniversary of incorporationMarch
November 27 The Hongkong Bank of Canadaknown
today as HSBC Bank Canadaannounced it had bought the assets
and liabilities of the Bank of B.C. The transaction was aided by
a $200 million cash injection from the Canada Deposit Insurance
Corp., to protect the Hongkong Bank from future losses resulting
from acquiring the Bank of B.C.s assets. Overnight, the small
Vancouver-based Hongkong Bank moved from being the twentieth largest
to the ninth largest bank in Canada by adding $2.6 billion in assets
and 41 branches in B.C. and Alberta.
But the Province had had a scoop on the purchase
the day before, by business reporter David Baines (now with the
Sun). From Ottawa, brand-new Premier Bill Vander Zalmthere
for softwood lumber discussionshad told Baines his government
was pretty excited about the takeover because it
will give us a much more meaningful place in the development of
an international financial centre.
Small though it may have been, the banks dramatic
new office tower at 885 West Georgia topped out at 23 storeys and
a height of 100.5 metres.
November 30 In Vancouver, the Hamilton Tiger
Cats beat the Edmonton Eskimos 39-15 to win the Grey Cup.
December 8 Chung Chuck, potato farmer, died
in Ladner, aged about 88. He was born c. 1898 in China, came to
Vancouver at age 13 and farmed with his father. He worked as a CPR
laborer, then farmed near Ladner's Delta Dike. In 1927 the B.C.
government had introduced laws regulating the marketing of tree
fruits and vegetables, and in 1934 the B.C. Coast Vegetable Marketing
Board began measures aimed at curtailing the activities of Chinese
farmers. With Ladner farmer Mah Lai, Chung appealed to the Supreme
Court. In January 1937 the Privy Council ruled the laws invalid.
White farmers protested unfair Chinese competition and
blocked Vancouver bridges. Chung attempted to cross, was attacked,
later charged seven men with assault. He believed if he fought
for his rights under the law, he would eventually win. And boy,
did he fight.
A movie titled Chung Chuck was made in 1985,
but aside from the fact that it starred Han-Sheng Tsai, Robert Clothier
and Terrence Kelly we havent been able to learn more. Not
even the IMdB has information.
December 26 Ida Green, the widow of Dr. Cecil
Green, died in Vancouver. She met Cecil Green in 1923, while he
was working on his master's thesis at the General Electric Research
Center in Schenectady, New York. They were married 60 years until
Ida's death. (Cecil Green would die in 2003, aged 102.) Mrs. Green
bequeathed nearly $3 million to UBC for the maintenance and upgrading
of Cecil Green Park and for academic purposes such as the Cecil
and Ida Green lecture series. See this website for an intensely
interesting overview of the Greens lives and philanthropic
And see the 1912
and 1967 chronology
pages on our site for information on Kanakla, the original
name of Cecil Green Park.
December James Inglis Reids famous butcher
shop closed on Granville Street, forced out by the expansion of
Pacific Centre. This famous high-ceilinged shop had been at that
location since 1915, with a sign that every Vancouverite recognized:
We hae meat that ye can eat. The meats included Ayrshire
bacon, Belfast ham, black pudding and oatmeal-coated sausage. The
Scottish-born (Kirkintilloch) Reid had come to Vancouver in 1906,
at 32. Another Scot, H. Nelson Menzies, joined him in 1917. Long
service was a constant at Reid's. When the shop closed its manager,
Gordon Wyness, had been there 41 years.
Also in 1986
BCs population topped three million this year.
It had reached one million in 1951, two million in 1968. See this
Former realtor and businessman Gordon Campbell became
mayor of Vancouver, succeeding Mike Harcourt. He would serve two
terms. Born in Vancouver January 12, 1948, the 38-year-old Campbells
terms in office were a time, Donna-Jean McKinnon has written, when
civic government worked more closely with development than community
interests. At the end of his second term in 1993, Campbell
would win the leadership of the provincial Liberal party that had
gained right-of-centre support in B.C. following the 1991 decimation
of Social Credit.
The arrival of SkyTrainfollowing the old interurban
route from Vancouver to New Westminstersparked an influx of
residents and businesses in south Vancouver and Burnaby.
There was a new wave of settlement into low-rise
and high-rise apartment buildings near the station stops, echoing
the original settlement of the area. Along the line just east of
Central Park newly-opened Metrotown Centre would begin to mushroom
to include high-rise apartments, multiple-dwelling complexes, office
towers and a huge shoppers' destination.
Richmond, in which the 1956 population was 26,000,
was now at 96,154. Until 1961, 60 per cent of the city's population
was of British descent. By 1986, the number of people claiming British
heritage had fallen to 27 per cent, while those of Chinese descent
made up eight per cent of the population while 5.6 per cent had
an Indo-Pakistani heritage.
Water from Canada became available to residents of
Point Roberts, the tiny chunk of Washington State reachable by land
only through BC. Water had been a problem there, with wells running
dry in the summer. Water trucked in from Blaine provided temporary
relief, so this assured supply was greeted with glee by the residents
. . . many of whom were Canadian.
The Vancouver Canucks incorporated the Canuck Foundation,
their community fund-raising organization. It has raised more than
$18 million since, changed its name in 2002 to Canucks for Kids
Fund. In 1995 it will begin to administer Canuck Place, the childrens
Expo organizers invited Second City Theatre to take
over an on-site cabaret called The Flying Club. Some of Vancouver's
top comics performed there. After Expo ended, local impresarios
Bruce Allen, Roger Gibson and Lou Blair took over the space and
renamed it The Comedy Club.
The Back Alley Theatre was formed. A short-lived
improvisational comedy troupe, working out of what had been City
Stage, it would evolve into the acclaimed Vancouver TheatreSports
Local film historian Michael Walsh had these comments
on 1986's movies.
Clan Of The Cave Bear (director, Michael Chapman)
After filming in Cathedral Park and the Nahanni Valley, actress
Daryl Hannah completed work as a Cro-Magnon beauty on Bridge Studio
Stripper (director, Jerome Gary) New Yorker
Gary follows dancers Kimberly Danyel Holcomb, Loree
Mouse Menton and Lisa G.O. Suarez from Vancouver,
home of the best strip bars in the world, to Las Vegas
for a strippers competition.
The Boy Who Could Fly (director, Nick Castle)
Making friends with an autistic classmate (Jay Underwood), a lonely
teen (Lucy Deakins) discovers his amazing powers in this coming-of-age
fantasy filmed at Vancouver's Lord Byng Secondary.
Fire With Fire (director, Duncan Gibbons)
Vancouver's St. George's School plays an Oregon Catholic girls academy,
home to a rebellious teen (Virginia Madsen) who becomes involved
with a local prison inmate (Craig Sheffer).
Ladies Of The Lotus (directors, Douglas C.
Nicolle and Lloyd Simandl) Sinister forces are at work in this tale
of a West Coast fashion studio whose models begin disappearing after
the installation of a sophisticated surveillance system.
Abducted (director, Boon Collins) Vancouver
Island writer-director Collins used North Vancouver wilderness locations
for the story of a pretty marathon runner (Roberta Weiss) kidnapped
by a mad mountain man (Lawrence King Philip).
Blood Link (director Alberto De Martino) Troubled
by violent nightmares, a doctor (Michael Moriarty) discovers that
he's tuned into the misdeeds of his separated-Siamese-twin brother.
High Stakes (directed by Larry Kent) On a
return visit, Vancouver feature-film pioneer Kent cast local broadcasting
legend Jack Webster as a television anchorman in an action-comedy
about newsgathering and a lost Nazi treasure.
Legend has it that the title of rock group Bon Jovi's
best-selling 1986 album Slippery When Wet was inspired by
the band's numerous visits to a Vancouver strip bar where on-stage
showers were a popular part of the routine.
Impresario Hugh Pickett received the Order of Canada.
These awards are commonly sparked by recommendations from the recipients
friends, co-workers and so on. The committee in charge of selecting
the honorees was startled, in Picketts case, to receive recommendations
from close friends such as Marlene Dietrich, Lillian Gish, Mitzi
Gaynor, Katharine Hepburn, Ginger Rogers, Leontyne Price, Carlos
Montoya, Sir Laurence Olivier, Vincent Price, Phyllis Diller and
Ian Mulgrew, born 1957, who had come to Vancouver
in the early 1980s as West Coast Bureau Chief for the Globe and
Mail, joined The Province. (Today, hes a columnist
with The Vancouver Sun.)
This Vancouver centennial year was a busy one for
artists. Not all the work cited here was intended to celebrate the
citys 100 years, but much of it was.
A great many of the works cited here can be seen
on the invaluable public art site of the City
Solo Natalie McHaffie, a Toronto artist, created
this stainless steel piece in Devonian Park at Denman and Georgia
for the City Shapes project to celebrate Vancouver's centennial.
She says the piece evokes mountains, cargo cranes, airplanes and
the fluid elements of wind and water.
Cloudscape A plexiglass/silk ribbon tapestry
by Joanna Staniszkis, brightening the lobby of Park Place, 666 Burrard.
Builders Joyce McDonald paid tribute to Vancouver's
pioneers with this black granite sculpture, sited in Discovery Park
at Burrard and Dunsmuir. This was a City Shapes project.
Vessel Another City Shapes project in Discovery
Park, this piece by Quebecs Dominique Valade uses Quebec granite
and steel cable.
Pendulum Summerland-born Alan Storey created
what is easily the most well-known kinetic sculpture in Vancouver,
a big and hypnotic feature of the 995 West Georgia HSBC Building
atrium. Oddly, the artist wasnt thinking of a pendulum when
he conceived this piece, but of a column that could break
free of its base. The pendulum, the HSBC
website tells us, is made of brushed aluminum,
is 27 meters (90 feet) long, 1 meter (3 feet) square and hollow
from top to bottom. It weighs 1600 Kgs. (3,500 lbs.) and travels
through an arc of about 6 meters (20 feet). Theres more
detail on the web site.
Wings of Prey, a granite sculpture by Georg
Schmerholz, showing an eagle with wings spread wide in the act of
snatching a salmon, is also in the HSBC lobby. It weighs three tonnes
and stands two metres high.
Courtly Evanescence An art-glass window in
the lobby of Robson Court, 840 Howe Street. The artist was Lutz
Untitled sculpture In the Westcoast Hall of
the Orpheum Torontos Judi Young created for City Shapes a
stainless steel/copper tubing structure, a homage to the strength
and manual labor of the early pioneers.
Celebration A lively, funny City Shapes painted
wood sculpture by John Hooper of New Brunswick. It stands in the
central plaza of Sinclair Centre.
Rainforest Created for the City Shapes project
by Gordon Ferguson, Rainforest, on the Queen Elizabeth Theatre plaza,
is a tilted steel platform with 28 steel poles meant to represent
a forest of trees and also the driving rain. There are silhouettes
of objects like and axe, cross saw, chairs, etc, interspersed among
Seven columns A painted steel construction
by artist Ron Rule on Granville Island. These columns,
art writer Elizabeth Godley has commented, now covered with
clematis and ivy, were commissioned by the park board to draw the
eye away from nearby electrical and sewage equipment.
Anchor A stylized anchor, made of reinforced
concrete, and situated near the west end of the pedestrian path
along Spanish Banks. It metaphorically marks the spot where Spanish
explorer Don Jose Maria Narvaez dropped anchor in 1791. He was the
first European to see the future site of the city of Vancouver.
Another City Shapes project, this one from German-born artist Christel
Untitled archway Volker Steigemann created
this work, inspired by Japanese sculpture, from red cedar wood and
a large black rock, and set it in CRAB Park at the north foot of
Main Street. The rock was imported from Cortes Island, the artists
home at the time. A City Shapes work.
Gates At Kensington Park (33rd and Knight),
the second-highest hilltop in the city, Vancouvers Douglas
Senft shaped a steel silhouette of the mountain skyline with the
city buildings superimposed on it. City Shapes.
Celebration of Man and Nature A striking large
piece by Montreals Hannah Franklin, this shows local newspaper
columns encased in acrylic and polyester resin blocks. The sculpture
is in the north wing of SFUs academic quadrangle. This work
was created for the Centennial Sculpture Symposium.
Your Ancient Scribe Thats what Walter
Draycott called himself. This life-size bronze of Draycott, called
the father of Lynn Valley and author of Early Days in
Lynn Valley, a book on north shore history, was created by Kevin
Head. At the time of the commission, Head was a student at Emily
Carr Institute of Art and Design. Draycott was an amateur geologist
and nature enthusiast. Youll find this work in Pioneer Park,
at Lynn Valley Road and Mountain Highway. Draycott died in 1985
Granite sculptures The sculptures in Coquitlams
Blue Mountain Park remain there from a 1986-87 symposium arranged
by sculptor Patrick Sullivan. The other artists involved were Barry
Holmes and Carl Sam.
The Flame of Peace fountain was installed
in Seaforth Park at the south end of Burrard Bridge. Artists were
Sam Carter and Judith Reeve. Twenty years on the work is unfinished.
Writes Elizabeth Godley: A fountain/sculpture
at Pacific and Beach, designed by Bob Turner, was donated by the
Davis family, scrap-metal merchants, as part of Vancouver's 1986
Legacies and Gifts Program. Palm trees, also a gift, were planted
later. She writes, too, on the fountains at Canada Place,
designed by Toronto architect Eberhard Zeidler, Toronto architect.
One fountain, seen as you enter the atrium, resembles a waterfall;
the other, the Pacific Rim fountain, symbolizes Canada's
connection with the Orient.
As one way to mark its centennial Vancouver introduced
100 oval plaques describing historic events, concentrated in the
Chinatown, Gastown and downtown areas. Many have been placed well
up the sides of buildings to prevent theft.
The Bay paid for repairs to the Nine OClock
Gun and its shelter this year.
Lost Lagoon's Jubilee fountain, the city's
best-known fountain, installed in 1936, was repaired for Expo in
Alan Barkley was appointed president of the Emily
Carr Institute of Art and Design. He will hold that post until 1995.
A lot of books appeared in 1986. They include:
Vander Zalm: From Immigrant to Premier, a
biography by Alan Twigg, described as the first critical book on
Bill Vander Zalm.
Vancouver: An Illustrated Chronology, by Chuck
Davis and Shirley Mooney. This book, sponsored by the Vancouver
Board of Trade, looked at the citys events in chronological
order from its earliest days to 1986. There were many illustrations,
and a section by Moira Pepper on histories of local companies.
The Pacific Swift, an anthology on building and
sailing a traditional tall ship. The editor was SALT Society
director Bill Wolferstan, whose books on cruising guides are well
Lucky to live in Cedar Cottage: Memories of Lord
Selkirk Elementary School and Cedar Cottage neighbourhood, 1911-1963.
Published by the Vancouver School Board. Editors were Seymour Levitan
and Carol Miller.
On the shady side: Vancouver, 1886 to 1914,
by Betty Keller, a tongue-in-cheek look at crime and criminals by
a well-known local author.
A Century of Service: Vancouver Police 1886-1986
by retired Vancouver Police staff sergeant Joe Swan. Sergeant Swan
had been writing a lively historical crime column for the West Ender
newspaper commencing in 1983, and was briefly curator at the Vancouver
Police Centennial Museum.
The Jewish Historical Society of British Columbia
published Centennial of Vancouver Jewish Life: 1886-1986,
by Cyril Leonoff..
Pieces of Map, Pieces of Music, by Los Angeles-born
(October 16, 1946) Robert Bringhurst, a collection of his poetry.
A Guide to Climbing & Hiking in Southwestern
British Columbia, by Bruce Fairley. The author, born in 1951,
was a Vancouver lawyer who had been a climber since joining the
UBC Outdoor Club in 1975.
The Story of the B.C. Electric Railway Company,
by Henry Ewert. Ewert rode the Vancouver streetcars on their final
day of service in 1955, and rode the interurbans on their final
day in 1958. He knows his stuff, and writes engagingly.
The Death of Air India Flight 182 by Province
reporter Salim Jiwa, a detailed look at India's political tensions
and the 1985 terrorist bombing that ripped open a jumbo jet over
the Irish Sea, murdering 329 people.
A place of excellence: a chronicle of West Vancouver,
1912-1987, by Bruce Ramsey, published by the District of West
Pattison: Portrait of a Capitalist Superstar
by Russell Kelly, a study of Vancouver businessman Jim Pattison.
The curses of third uncle, by Paul Yee. It
was one of the series Adventures in Canadian history for young readers.
A brief review, in part: Lillian Ho is a fourteen-year-old
girl living with her family in Vancouver's Chinatown, in the year
1909. Her mother is overburdened with work and children; her father
is frequently absent on mysterious business. When he fails to return
from a trip, the family's circumstances deteriorate. Finally, Third
Uncle threatens to send them back to China. He frightens Lillian
and her sisters with unpleasant stories about China, and how girls
are treated there. Her mother can see no other solution, so Lillian
undertakes to get a job and to find her father.
Kiwanis published 21 Pioneer Enterprises,
a collection of brief profiles of local companies.
The publication Vancouver past: essays in social
history appeared, a Vancouver centennial issue of BC studies
(No. 69-70), edited by Robert A.J. McDonald and Jean Barman, and
published by UBC Press.
It included these articles:
* Cottages and castles for Vancouver home-seekers,
by Deryck W. Holdsworth
* Working class Vancouver, 1886-1914: urbanism
and class in British Columbia, by Robert A. McDonald
* Sam Kee: a Chinese business in early Vancouver,
* Neighbourhood and community in interwar Vancouver:
residential differentiation and civic voting behaviour, by Jean
* The confinement of women: childbirth and hospitalization
in Vancouver, 1919-1939, by Veronica Strong-Boag & Kathryn
* The triumph of formalism: elementary
schooling in Vancouver from the 1920s to the 1960s, by Neil
* The incidence of crime in Vancouver during the
great depression, by James P. Huzel
* The Mother's Council of Vancouver: holding the
fort for the unemployed, 1935-1938, by Irene Howard
* A Palace for the Public: housing
reform and the 1946 occupation of the old Hotel Vancouver, by
* A half century of writing on Vancouver's history,
by Patricia Roy (herself the author of 1980's Vancouver: An Illustrated
The Vancouver Historical Society named lifeguard
Joe Fortes Vancouvers Citizen of the Century. Seraphim Joe
Fortes had come to Vancouver in 1885 and became a regular at English
Bay, teaching children to swim. He was appointed Vancouver's first
official lifeguard in 1901, and is credited with saving more than
100 lives. The Joe Fortes Branch of the Vancouver Public Library,
870 Denman, was named for him.
The Vancouver Police Centennial Museum was openedits
appropriate location the old Coroners Court Building at 240
East Cordova. The museum, created to commemorate the centennial
of the city's police force, has many grimly fascinating exhibits,
from wanted posters to a forensic pathology exhibit of a preserved
larynx fractured by a fatal karate chop. Errol Flynns
body was once stretched out here, and there was a crime scene recreation
of the still unsolved 1953 Babes in the Woods murder
The Vancouver Cultural Alliance was established to
project a single, strong voice for the local arts community. Since
then, the VCA has grown to include more than 200 members. Its
now known as the Alliance
for Arts and Culture.
Vancouver-born (April 22, 1944) Glen Ringdal became
the vice-president of marketing for the Vancouver Canucks. In 1987
he will add another hat: president of the BC Lions!
A treehouse built by gently eccentric deaf twins
Peter (1872-1949) and David Brown (1872-1958) on their heavily-treed
property in Surrey was demolished. A replacement of a different
design was installed. The twins, who lived in the treehouse for
years, planted many different kinds of trees on their property .
. . more different trees, in fact, than anywhere else in BC! They
left 59 acres to Surrey, which developed them into the charming
The family firm of H.Y. Louie Co., which had incorporated
in 1927 with five employees, was now an important drugstore and
wholesale grocery business employing 2,000.
Restoration began at the 1888 CPR Roundhouse in Yaletown,
as a Vancouver Centennial project. Engine 374, which pulled the
first CPR passenger train into Vancouver in May of 1887, has been
restored and sits proudly within a portion of the roundhouse.
The exquisite Dr. Sun Yat-sen Classical Chinese Garden
opened in Vancouvers Chinatown. The architect was Joe Wai,
the garden design was by specialists brought from China. It recreates
the retreat of a scholar of the Ming Dynasty and is based on a prototype
in Suzhou, China's City of Gardens. The website,
beautifully illustrated, has much interesting history.
The White Spot's original restaurant on Granville
Street, opened in June 1928, was destroyed by fire.
Lonsdale Quay opened in North Vancouver. Views from
the Pier are splendid. Today, the multi-level complex is home to
more than 90 shops & services.
New border facilities were opened at the Pacific
Highway Port of Entry in Surrey, a $13 million project which will
be the main clearing port for freight trucks. Today, the "truck
crossing" is second in traffic only to the Blaine/Douglas crossing.
Burnaby became a sister city to Loughborough in England,
where Robert Burnaby is buried.
A 1986 study showed that Vancouvers Kerrisdale
neighborhood was one of the most affluent in North America. Average
household income in Kerrisdale was $59,474, approaching twice the
$32,403 average for Vancouver city.
Victoria beat Vancouvers record of 28 straight
days of rain this year with 33 days straight!
Built in 1955, the low-level, road/rail Derwent Way
Bridge connecting New Westminster's Queensborough neighbourhood
on Lulu Island with Annacis Island, was reconstructed. The bridge
now carries two highway lanes, and a separate rail track. A wide
steel girder swing span provides a navigation opening.
The grandfather clock on the third floor of Vancouvers
city hall was presented to the city as a centennial gift from Vancouvers
sister city of Yokohama, Japan.
Angry debate was sparked because of campaign literature
used by the Non-Partisan Association: their brochures bore the city's
coat of arms. Some council members at the time said that gave the
impression the City of Vancouver was endorsing NPA candidates. A
decision was made that only official documents of the city can use
the coat of arms. It is now the city's policy not to give any person
or association permission to use it.
Cutbacks in manpower in the late 1980s affected manning
on fire apparatus and resulted in the de-commissioning of Vancouver
Fireboat No. 2. It was subsequently sold to the San Francisco Fire
Department. (When the boat was placed in service in 1951 its capacity
of 90,920 litres (20,000 gallons) per minute made it, it was said,
the world's most powerful.)
The old post office at the northwest corner of Granville
and Hastings Streets became part of the beautifully restored, $38-million
The landfills in North Vancouver and Richmond were
closed. All filled up.
The Hellenic Canadian Congress of B.C. was established,
made up of nearly 30 recreational and region-based Greek organizations
Spain joined the European Economic Community, and
began to thrive. One result: many Spaniards in Vancouver returned
to their mother country.
The Satnam Education Society of B.C. (Sikh) started
the Khalsa School in Vancouver in 1986.
The city stopped selling plots at Mountain View Cemetery.
There are 90,000 graves there, many at double depth to hold two
deceased, and the cemetery is spread over 105 acres west of Fraser
between 31st and 41st Avenues. There are 3,600 graves that have
been bought but never used. Interments for indigents are Mountain
View's main business today.
Ocean View Cemeterys mausoleum underwent
a $1.2 million addition. One of Canada's largest mausoleums, it
is adorned with a two-storey stained glass window and a marble
statue carved from a single block weighing 2.5 tons and standing
six feet high. There are more than 4,500 entombments in the mausoleum,
and 86,000 entombed on the 36 hectares of the cemetery, at 4000
Imperial Street in Burnaby. (Incidentally, among the people buried
here are former world heavyweight boxing champion Tommy Burns
(1881-1955), actor Miles Mander (1888-1946) and Victoria Cross
recipient Cecil Merritt (1908-2000).)
The original bell of the church of Our Lady of
Sorrows on Slocan Streetthe largest Catholic church in Vancouverwas
installed in a remodelled bell tower.
During Expo 86, a a 187-unit townhouse built in
1985 at Fairview Crescent, with shared accommodation for 782 single
students, was leased to Expo. (Phase two, a 158-unit complex for
married students, would be opened in early 1987.)
UBCs Native Indian Teacher Education Program
which had started in 1974, admitted its first Masters students.
SFU president William Saywell, whose term in office
ran from 1983 to 1994, launched the Bridge to the Future capital
campaign. It had a $33 million goal and surpassed $60 million,
two-thirds of which went to the main campus, the remainder to
create high-tech Harbour Centre, inside the historic Spencer building
on West Hastings Street. Leaders in the Vancouver business community
endorsed the downtown campus concept and joined the campaign.
We could never have undertaken this project, Saywell
said, without the superb volunteer leadership provided by
Sam Belzberg and a nation-wide committee.
The five-year-old Burnaby Hospital Foundation raised
$600,000 for a computed tomography (CT) scanner. The provincial
health ministry chipped in $900,000.
Riverview and Valleyview Hospitals amalgamated.
The Georgia Straight, which had started
in 1967 as a weekly newspaper, became a magazine that looked like
a newspaper. Charles Campbell was hired as Managing Editor. Under
Campbell's guidance the Straight began to expand its coverage
of the entire arts and cultural scene.
These periodicals debuted in 1986:
Canadian Heavy Equipment Guide Published
nine times a year, this publication described new products and
industry developments. Industry experts explained the best way
to use and maintain heavy equipment.
Charhdi Kala A free weekly newspaper for
the Punjabi community.
Communique* (Vancouver) A bi-monthly publication
for members of the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Society of B.C.
It reported on ALS research, fundraising and coping mechanisms
and services for families with the disease, also known as Lou
Grocer Today Magazine A trade magazine for
the food and beverage industry in Western Canada, published 10
times a year by Canada Wide Magazines Ltd. It serves independent
grocers, brokers, importers, manufacturers, etc.
Westcoast Fisherman A monthly magazine with
news for coast commercial fishers
Westcoast Mariner A monthly magazine with
news for skippers and crews who worked the Pacific Coast.
The number of passengers arriving and departing
Vancouver International Airport increased from 1985's 7,017,850
The Tymac No. 2, a water taxi built in 1938,
became a Vancouver Harbour tour boat.
Adnan Khashoggi, then known as the world's richest
man, popped up this year as a director of a VSE-listed company,
Skyhigh Resources Ltd. Its shares went from 60 cents to $72 before
evaporating. This was one of the events that caused Vancouvers
stock market to be viewed with derision and suspicion elsewhere.
Harbour Savings (the former Burnaby Credit Union)
merged with North Shore Credit Union.
The Australian conglomerate, Elders IXL Ltd., bought
Carling OKeefe Breweries to get a ticket into the North
American market for Foster's lager. They created it at the familiar
brewery building at Twelfth and Yew. Today, that site is occupied
by the OKeefe, a seniors residence.
The Greater Vancouver Convention and Visitors Bureau
changed its name to Tourism Vancouver.
Debbie Brill won gold in the high jump at the 1986
Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh. She had won gold as a 17-year-old
at the same games in Edinburgh in 1970, and again at the Commonwealth
Games at Brisbane, Australia, in 1982. To win gold in three attempts
over 16 years was an astonishing achievement.
Charles Chunky Woodward received the
W.A.C. Bennett Award for sports contributions from the B.C. Sports
Hall of Fame.
UBC Thunderbirds, coached by Frank Smith, beat
the University of Western Ontario Mustangs to win their second
national championship. They had beaten the same team, to win the
same title, in 1982.
The Vancouver Park Board instituted a program of
commemorative benches. Hundreds of benches have now been financed
by members of the local public, in memory of loved ones, friends,
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